When it comes to making pedestrians safer, painted safety zones work.
Painted safety zones are the khaki-colored painted areas, flanked by flexible white posts, which wrap around a growing number of sidewalk corners in San Francisco on streets like Polk and 2nd.
Painted safety zones are a relatively cheap and quick measure to make pedestrians safer. While that may seem intuitive, we put the theory to the test by collecting safety data at eight locations (listed below) before and after they were installed.
Here are our three key findings on the effects of painted safety zones:
1. More motorists turned further from the curb, at safer distances from people on sidewalks.
The number of vehicles turning within six feet of the curb decreased by an average of 35 percent after painted safety zones were implemented.
2. Motorists yielded to pedestrians more often.
The number of drivers who “fully yielded” to pedestrians increased by an average of 25 percent after painted safety zones were installed.
What does “fully yielded” mean? In our study, we created three categories for how much space motorists gave to pedestrians:
- “Fully yielding”: When drivers waited for pedestrians to cross safely before turning
- “Partial yielding”: When drivers allowed pedestrians to cross safely, but provided less distance
- “Partial conflict”: When drivers entered the crosswalk while pedestrians were still present
3. Motorists turned corners more slowly.
On average, turning speeds decreased by up to 55 percent. This is based on turning speeds recorded for 100 vehicles, using a radar gun, at a site where a painted safety zone was installed.
These findings were based on studies we conducted at these eight locations:
- Polk Street at Broadway (crossing Polk)
- Polk at Broadway (crossing Broadway)
- Polk at California Street
- Market Street atCharles Brenham Place (7th Street)
- Geary and Leavenworth streets
- Columbus Avenue at Green Street (crossing Green)
- South Park Avenue and 2nd Street
- Harrison and 3rd streets
This initial data is important. It shows that painted safety zones, which are new to San Francisco, can be nimble but effective measures to reduce driving speeds and traffic injuries on our streets.
Speed is the strongest factor in whether people will be seriously injured or killed when hit by a car. On average, someone hit by a vehicle traveling at 40 miles per hour has a 50 percent chance of dying, compared to only 10 percent at 25 mph.