Speed Management

Bringing Safer Speeds to San Francisco 

In San Francisco, speeding is the leading causes of traffic deaths and severe injuries—and lowering speeds is the single most effective tool we can use to save lives.  

Slowing speeds is a core principle of Vision Zero, the citywide commitment to end traffic deaths. San Francisco is developing and implementing a comprehensive speed management strategy that will reduce speed limits on key corridors throughout the city, alongside educational campaigns and outreach, improved enforcement strategies, and traffic calming. Under Assembly Bill 43 (Friedman), which was passed in 2021, San Francisco now has the authority to lower speed limits on certain streets, and the SFMTA is moving quickly to implement safer speed zones under this new legislation.  

Following the legislation, slowing speeds is happening now for business activity districts, and will happen next in safety corridors:   

Slowing Speeds in Business Activity Districts 

Under the provision of AB 43 that came into effect in January 2022, the SFMTA is lowering speeds by 5 mph (from 25 mph to 20 mph, or 30 mph to 25 mph) in key business activity districts (streets where at least half of the property uses are dining or retail). As of April 10, 2024, 46 street miles and 70 corridors have been implemented.

Click here for a completed list of corridors.

Speed Management Progress 1/1/2024

Slowing Speeds on Safety Corridors 

AB 43 will also allow cities to lower speeds by 5 mph on streets that are designated as “safety corridors” beginning in 2024. The state must develop criteria for defining safety corridor eligibility. SF is providing input on this state process to provide the additional flexibility to reduce speeds on streets that have the highest number of severe injuries and fatalities. In San Francisco, the 2022 High Injury Network shows that 68% of severe and fatal collisions occur on just 12% of city streets.  

Using the High Injury Network to inform Vision Zero projects such as speed management implementation helps Vision Zero SF center equity by prioritizing our most vulnerable communities. The transportation system should be safe for all road users, for all modes of transportation, in all communities and for people of all incomes, races and ethnicities, languages, ages, abilities, and housing status. Over half of High Injury Network streets are in an Equity Priority Community, areas of the city that have been identified as disadvantaged or vulnerable through factors such as households with low-income, high levels of seniors, people who have limited English proficiency, people with disabilities, and more. 

The Importance of Lower Speeds 

Image shows that if a person is struck by a vehicle driving 20 mph, there is a 90 percent chance that the person survives the collision, and a 10 percent chance that it results in a fatality. If a person is struck by a vehicle driving 30 mph, there is a 60 percent chance that they survive, and a 40 percent chance that the collision results in a fatality. If a person is struck by a vehicle driving 40 mph, there is a 20 percent chance that they survive, and an 80 percent chance that the collision results in a fatality.

While reducing speed limits by 5 mph may not seem like a lot, it can actually be the difference in whether or not someone survives a crash. Compared to the 20% chance of survival someone has being struck by a vehicle traveling 40 mph, a person has a 90% chance of surviving being struck by a vehicle going 20 mph. Lower speed limits make streets safer for all users: when drivers move more slowly, they give themselves more time to notice other drivers, cyclists, and pedestrians, and they contribute to a calmer, safer environment on the street.  

Speed Management: More than Lowering Speed Limits! 

Introducing lower speed limits across the city is a significant step forward in San Francisco’s progress toward Vision Zero. Data from peer cities like Seattle has shown that signage alone can lower driver speed and reduce the number of crashes. But San Francisco is committed to taking a holistic approach to speed management. Signage is one piece of this work, but the SFMTA is also focused on implementing street design improvements that encourage slower speeds and create safter streets for all. 

Other Speed Management Efforts in San Francisco

Children and older adults are some of the most vulnerable to speed-related crashes and injuries. Addressing vehicle speeds where they are next to or crossing streets creates a safer, more walkable, bikeable, and livable environment. School and Senior Zones encourage slow speeds (15 mph and 25 mph, respectively) where there are high numbers of children or seniors. In 2011, San Francisco was the first large city in California to lower speeds to 15 mph at about 200 public and private schools - 100% of schools eligible under state law. Under Assembly Bill 321 (Nava), which was passed in 2007, local authorities are allowed to implement 15 mph speed limit zones within 1,000 feet of schools, while children are present. Senior Zones were established in 2020 to lower speeds to 25 mph near some senior living facilities and centers. The California Vehicle Code § 110 provides that the City and County of San Francisco may designate by ordinance or resolution as an “alley” any highway having a roadway not exceeding 25 feet in width, and allows alleys to be posted for 15 mph. Finally, in 2021, the SFMTA implemented the first neighborhood-wide 20 mph speed limit zone in the Tenderloin, where every street is on the High Injury Network.

Learn more about SFMTA programs to create safer streets and encourage slower speeds: 

Promoting a Culture of Traffic Safety 

Vision Zero aims to engage people to first acknowledge that traffic deaths are a preventable problem, and then empower people to promote traffic safety through individual actions and behaviors that collectively build a culture prioritizing traffic safety. Education and outreach play an important role in raising public awareness, encouraging safer driver behaviors, influencing policy discussions, building community support to end traffic deaths, and are best leveraged when used in coordination with other safety interventions. 

Year-to-year survey results tracking brand awareness as a proxy for public support indicate an increasing number or residents are aware of Vision Zero SF. Public perception of the dangers of speeding is also trending in the right direction each year, indicating a sustained change in attitudes influenced by education campaigns, policy decisions, and engineering since Vision Zero was adopted in 2014. 

Speed management implementation will build on these efforts and pair education strategies to reach impacted drivers, residents, merchants, and neighborhoods using strategies such as multilingual outreach, targeted digital advertising, physical advertising on bus shelters and light pole banners, and more as funding permits. 

Thank You! 

Activists gather in the Tenderloin to unveil new 20 mph signs. They hold signs saying "20 is plenty" and "drive like anyone you love lives here"

The SFMTA is proud to implement the safer speed limits authorized by AB 43—and recognizes that the passage of this transformative legislation was the result of years of advocacy by WalkSF, SF Bike Coalition, San Francisco Bay Area Families for Safe Streets, and all the many citizens who wrote letters, called into hearings, and voiced their support on social media for safer speeds. We appreciate their commitment and the leadership of Assembly Transportation Committee Chair Laura Friedman, San Francisco co-sponsors former Assemblymember David Chiu and Assemblymember Phil Ting, along with Mayor London Breed and the Board of Supervisors. We stand committed to safer streets in SF and will work urgently to reduce speed limits to save lives. 

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